The context of the project
The waste waters management system in Romania, especially in rural areas is characterized by insufficient protection of the water resources, a very low percentage of population connected to sewage and waste water treatment systems, malfunctioning of the existent treatment stations and incompliant waste management.
The volume of waste water discharged in the last years was over 4,000 million m3 /year, almost 65% of which had to be treated. Out of the total volume of waste water needing to be purified, approximately 21% are sufficiently treated, while other 79% of waste water totally or insufficiently treated was discharged into the natural receivers (rivers). This is mainly due to the lack or insufficient treatment facilities across the country.
In Central and Eastern Europe, Poland and Romania have the biggest need for investment in terms of water supply and waste water treatment. These inputs being scheduled for 2007-2013 period, according to the Strategic Evaluation on Environment and Risk Prevention country report for Romania. (Evaluation carried out by ECOLAS&GHK on behalf of the European Commission.)
Waste management represents one of the country’s most serious environmental problems. There are no organized waste management services in most of the rural areas; waste is spread along waters, roads, on fields and in forests. Waste management legislation in Romania, although aligned to European legislation, imposes positive changes however efforts are needed to meet compliance with the European standards.
Manure management is not controlled and deposits are scattered out and about in rural areas. The lack of manure storage systems leads to a widespread contamination of groundwater. Most of the villagers including tourists in bed and breakfast facilities are consuming well water having a high content of nitrates and nitrites originated from manure deposits.
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